The provision of safe, healthy and adequate food is one of the most pressing challenges of our time, not to mention the effects of climate change on agriculture. Africa can harness the growing science of agricultural biotechnology to boost food security.
Agriculture is the backbone of economic development for most African countries. It accounts 25 to 30 per cent of their GDPs. More that 70 per cent of the continental population lives in rural areas and depends on agriculture for its livelihood. However, Africa has underperformed in agricultural productivity over the last three decades. For example, cereal yields have stagnated at around 1 ton per hectare compared to averages of 2.5 – 3 tons per hectare in Asia.